A Glimpse into the Past

Cricket found its way to the Indian subcontinent during the British colonial era. The sport was introduced by the British East India Company in the 18th century, primarily for their entertainment. Initially, cricket was played by the British expatriates and the elite Indian nobility. However, it soon gained popularity among the local population, and the first cricket club in India, the Calcutta Cricket Club, was formed in 1792.

Cricket Takes Root in India

During the early days, cricket in India was limited to the upper echelons of society. The sport gradually spread to other major cities like Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai), where more cricket clubs were established. The establishment of the Bombay Presidency Match in 1848 marked a significant milestone in the history of Indian cricket. This tournament provided a platform for competitive cricket and brought together players from different regions.

Cricket history in pictures with players

The Advent of the Indian Cricket Team

In 1911, an Indian cricket team, led by Maharaja Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, embarked on a historic tour of England. This tour laid the foundation for the future of Indian cricket. Although the team did not achieve remarkable success on the field, their presence and performance garnered attention and respect from the cricketing community.

Evolution of Indian Cricket

The post-independence era brought about significant changes in Indian cricket. The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) was formed in 1928, and it became the governing body for cricket in the country. With the establishment of the Ranji Trophy in 1934-35, domestic cricket gained prominence, providing a platform for aspiring cricketers to showcase their talent.

The Cricket Golden Era

The 1970s and 1980s marked a golden era for Indian cricket. The team witnessed the rise of legendary players who left an indelible mark on the history of the sport. Icons like Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev, and Gundappa Viswanath mesmerised cricket fans with their exceptional skills and match-winning performances. The 1983 Cricket World Cup victory under the leadership of Kapil Dev remains one of the most cherished moments in Indian cricket history.

Sachin Tendulkar: The God of Indian Cricket

No discussion about the history of cricket in India is complete without mentioning Sachin Tendulkar. Regarded as one of the greatest batsmen of all time, Tendulkar’s illustrious career spanned 24 years, during which he shattered numerous records and became an inspiration for aspiring cricketers. Tendulkar’s achievements, including being the highest run-scorer in international cricket, have made him a living legend and a national treasure.

Indian Premier League (IPL)

Indian Premier League major trophy

The Indian Premier League (IPL) is a professional Twenty20 cricket league in India. It is the most popular cricket league in the world, and it features some of the best cricketers from around the world.

The IPL was founded in 2008, and it has been a huge success. The league has helped to popularise cricket betting in India, and it has also helped to raise the profile of the sport around the world.

Table With Main Facts About Cricket in India

Facts About Indian Cricket History
1Cricket introduced during British colonial era
2Calcutta Cricket Club formed in 1792
3Indian cricket team toured England in 1911
4Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) formed in 1928
5India played its first international match on 25 June 1932 at Lord’s Test against England.
6Ranji Trophy established in 1934-35
7Rise of legendary players in the 1970s and 1980s
8Kapil Dev led India to 1983 Cricket World Cup victory
9Sachin Tendulkar, the legendary Indian batsman
10Indian cricket team won the World Cup in 2011
11Indian Premier League (IPL) established in 2008

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

❓ What is the history of cricket in India?

The history of cricket in India dates back to the British colonial era when the sport was introduced by the East India Company. The Calcutta Cricket Club, established in 1792, was the first cricket club in India.

❓ How popular is Indian cricket?

Indian cricket is extremely popular and holds a special place in the hearts of millions of cricket fans around the world. It is followed with great enthusiasm and passion in India as well as other cricket-loving nations.

❓ How is the Indian cricket team formed?

The Indian cricket team is selected by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), which is the governing body for cricket in India. The selection committee consists of former players and other experts who evaluate the performance and potential of cricketers to form the national team.

❓ What is the significance of the first test match?

The first test match holds great importance in the history of cricket. It marks the beginning of international cricket and sets the stage for future matches and series. In this context, the first test match refers to the debut game of a national cricket team against another team.

❓ How did India perform in their first test match?

India, as a test team, showcased their potential in their first test match. Despite being considered underdogs, they emerged victorious and defeated their opposition. This victory is remembered as a significant milestone for Indian cricket, and it established their credibility as a competitive team.

❓ Who was the first Indian to play Test cricket?

The first Indian to play Test cricket was Palwankar Baloo, who made his debut against England in 1901. He was a prominent left-arm spin bowler and played a significant role in the early years of Indian cricket.

❓ Who is considered the greatest Indian cricketer?

Greatest Indian cricketers are legendary players who have achieved remarkable feats on and off the field. It is subjective to name just one cricketer as the greatest, as opinions may vary. However, players like Sachin Tendulkar, Kapil Dev, and Sunil Gavaskar are often considered among the best due to their exceptional performances and contributions to Indian cricket.

❓ When and where was the first cricket match played in India?

The first cricket match was played in the mid-19th century. British officers and sailors introduced the sport, and it quickly gained popularity across India. The Oriental Cricket Club organised the inaugural match, which took place at the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) ground in Bombay (now Mumbai).

❓ How did India win their first test series?

India beat their first test series against England, which took place in 1952. This historic series marked India’s first triumph in a multi-match contest at the test level. The victory served as a significant boost for Indian cricket and laid the foundation for future success.

❓ What is the significance of the Cricket World Cup?

The Cricket World Cup is the most prestigious tournament in international cricket. It brings together the best cricket teams from around the world to compete for the title of world champions. The Indian cricket team has won the Cricket World Cup twice, in 1983 and 2011.

❓ What is the Indian Premier League (IPL)?

The Indian Premier League (IPL) is a professional Twenty20 cricket league in India. It was established in 2008 and features teams representing different cities in India. The IPL has gained immense popularity for its exciting matches, star-studded lineups, and lucrative contracts for players.

❓ What is the World Championship of Cricket?

The World Championship of Cricket was a limited-overs tournament held in Australia in 1985. It featured seven cricketing nations, including India, and was won by the Indian team, captained by Kapil Dev. It was considered a major international cricket tournament at the time, with matches held at various venues in Australia, including Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane.

Raja Danish is a sports journalist and chief author of Betraja Raja Danish



The history of cricket in India is a testament to the passion, determination, and resilience of the players and the ardent fans who have supported them throughout the years. From the early days of British colonisation to the global dominance of the Indian cricket team, the sport has become an integral part of the nation’s identity. The exploits of legendary players and the unwavering support of the fans have elevated Indian cricket to new heights. As the journey continues, the history of cricket in India will keep evolving, leaving an everlasting impact on the sporting world.